• Sign In to gain access to subscriptions and/or My Tools.
Impact Factor:0.917 | Ranking:Psychology 64 out of 76 | Psychology, Experimental 80 out of 85
Source:2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data

The Sickening Rug: A Repeating Static Pattern That Leads to Motion-Sickness-like Symptoms

  1. Frederick Bonato
  2. Andrea Bubka
  3. Shaziela Ishak
  4. Veronica Graveline
  1. Department of Psychology, Saint Peter's College, 2641 Kennedy Boulevard, Jersey City, NJ 07306, USA
  1. School of Social Science and Human Sciences, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ 07430, USA
  1. e-mail: Fbonato{at}spc.edu


The nauseogenic properties of a patterned rug that reputedly caused motion-sickness-like symptoms in those who viewed it was the topic of this study. Naive observers viewed a 1:1 scale image of the black-and-white patterned rug and a homogeneous gray region of equivalent luminance in a counterbalanced within-subjects design. After 5 min of viewing, symptoms were assessed with the simulator sickness questionnaire (SSQ), yielding a total SSQ score and sub-scores for nausea, oculomotor symptoms, and disorientation. All four scores were significantly higher in the rug condition. Observers also reported significantly more self-motion perception in the rug condition, even though they were seated during the experiment. Results are consistent with findings that suggest that neurologically normal individuals who view a repeating static pattern can experience unpleasant symptoms, some of which are similar to motion sickness.

  • Received September 19, 2010.
  • Revision received March 31, 2011.
| Table of Contents